Leather Hides Wholesale
Looking for upholstery leather hides wholesale information
Leather is a material created through the tanning of hides and skins of animals, primarily cattle hide. The tanning process converts the putrescible skin into a durable, long-lasting and versatile natural material for various uses.
The leather hides industry and the fur industry are distinct industries that are differentiated by the importance of their raw materials. In the leather hides industry the raw materials are by-products of the meat industry, with the meat having higher value than the skin. The fur industry uses raw materials that are higher in value than the meat and hence the meat is classified as a by-product.
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* Full-grain leather hides wholesale or top-grain leather hides is referring to the upper section of a leather hides that contains the epidermis or skin layer. It refers to leather hides that have not been sanded, buffed or snuffed (otherwise known as Corrected) in order to remove imperfections (or natural marks) on the surface of the leather hides. Only the hair has been removed from the epidermis. The leather hides grain remains in its natural state which will allow the best fiber strength, resulting in greater durability. The natural leather hides grain also has natural breath ability, resulting in greater comfort for clothing. The natural full-grain surface will wear better than other leather hides. Rather than wearing out, it will develop a natural patina and change in its appearance over time. The finest leather hides furniture and footwear are made from full-grain leather hides. For these reasons only the best raw leather hides are used in order to create full-grain or top-grain leather hide. Full grain leather hides can mainly be bought as two finish types: aniline and semi-aniline.
* Corrected-grain leather hides is any top-grain leather hides that has had its surfaces sanded, buffed or snuffed in order to remove any imperfection on the surface due to insect bites, healed scars or brands. Top-grain leather hides are often wrongly referred to as corrected-grain hides. Although corrected-grain leather hides are made from top-grain as soon as the surface is corrected in any way the leather hides is no longer referred to as top-grain leather hides. The leather hides used to create corrected leather are hides of inferior quality that do not meet the high standards for use in creating aniline or semi-aniline leather. The imperfections are corrected and an artificial grain applied. Most corrected-grain leather hides is used to make pigmented leather as the solid pigment helps hide the corrections or imperfections. Corrected grain leather hides can mainly be bought as two finish types: semi-aniline and pigmented.
* Split leather is leather hides created from the fibrous part of the leather hides left once the top-grain of the rawhide has been separated from the leather hides. During the splitting operation, the grain and drop split are separated. The drop split can be further split (thickness allowing) into a middle split and a flesh split. In very thick hides, the middle split can be separated into multiple layers until the thickness prevents further splitting. Split leather hides then has an artificial layer applied to the surface of the split and is embossed with a leather grain. Splits are also used to create suede. The strongest suedes are usually made from grain splits (that have the grain completely removed) or from the flesh split that has been shaved to the correct thickness. Suede is "fuzzy" on both sides. Suede is less durable than top-grain. Suede is cheaper because many pieces of suede can be split from a single thickness of leather hide, whereas only one piece of top-grain can be made. However, manufacturers use a variety of techniques to make suede appear to be full-grain leather hide. For example, in one operation, glue is mixed with one side of the suede, which is then pressed through rollers; these flatten and even out one side of the material, giving it the smooth appearance of full-grain leather hide. Latigo is one of the trade names for this product. A reversed suede are grained leather hides that has been designed into the leather hides article with the grain facing away from the visible surface. It is not a true form of suede.
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