Striped Upholstery Fabric
Centering a bold striped upholstery fabric can be a challenge. First of all, is the planning and which strip will become your center. You have to do it in such a way that you save material but also want the finished product to look good. Make sure to sit down and plan out every piece. This will save you money in the long run.
Buying striped fabric that is railroaded will save you money and most fabrics are sold that way now anyway. Railroaded material signifies the stripes run across the width and not the length. If the strips are small, say one inch in width, you do not have to worry to much about centering because it will not show that much. However, if they are large it becomes very important. To do a nice job the center strip should be centered every where, inside back, outside back, inside and outside arms, front border, skirting and of course the cushion and the cushion band in the front.
On this job everything was centered right down to the throw cushion and arm covers
The most important basic fabric terminology are warp, filling, and raveling. Pile, on the other hand refers to a surface consisting of loops of yarn sewed to a background material
Warp or warp yarn refers to the yarns in a fabric which run parallel to the selvage. The selvage is the term used to describe the border woven along the edge of a length of fabric to prevent unraveling. The filling or filling yarn is woven across the width of the fabric. The weave of a fabric is determined by the pattern in which the filling yarns and warp yarns are interwoven.
All upholstery fabrics are made from one or a combination of five basic fibers. Two of these basic fibers are derived from vegetable sources (cotton and linen); two from animal sources (wool and silk) and one synthetic origin (rayon ,nylon and acrylic for example).
The problem of determining whether or not a fabric has the best qualities is not an easy one to solve. However, it can be narrowed down to two basic areas: (1) its wear and (2) the decorative aspects.The wear of a fabric can be determined in a number of ways. One method is to pull the fabric lengthwise and crosswise and release it. The yarns that shift out of place and stay there are of poor quality, and those that return to their original shape position are of good quality for upholstery work. Remember, it is not always the type of fiber used as it is the heaviness of the material and the closeness and tightness of the weave. Generally speaking, a tightly woven fabric will wear better than the looser weaves.
The terms nap and pile are frequently used in description of fabrics and should not be confused. Nap refers to the fuzzy surface created by raising(usually by brushing) the fibers of the materials.
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