Upholstery Fabric


It is not always easy to determine what upholstery fabric is and what is not. Many fabrics serve for more than one purpose, being acceptable as material for upholstery, as well as valances and drapes.

Upholstery materials are generally sold in 54 inch widths and should not be confused with slipcover fabric, which is not as strong or as durable. It is not wise to upholster a chair with slipcover fabric despite its cheaper price. The material will simply not last as long as upholstery fabrics.



The most important basic fabric terminology are warp, filling, and raveling. Pile, on the other hand refers to a surface consisting of loops of yarn sewed to a background material

Warp or warp yarn refers to the yarns in a fabric which run parallel to the selvage. The selvage is the term used to describe the border woven along the edge of a length of fabric to prevent unraveling. The filling or filling yarn is woven across the width of the fabric. The weave of a fabric is determined by the pattern in which the filling yarns and warp yarns are interwoven.


All upholstery fabrics are made from one or a combination of five basic fibers. Two of these basic fibers are derived from
vegetable sources (cotton and linen); two from animal sources (wool and silk) and one synthetic origin (rayon ,nylon and
acrylic for example).


The problem of determining whether or not a fabric has the best qualities is not an easy one to solve. However, it can be narrowed down to two basic areas: (1) its wear and (2) the decorative aspects.The wear of a fabric can be determined in a number of ways. One method is to pull the fabric lengthwise and crosswise and release it. The yarns that shift out of place and stay there are of poor quality, and those that return to their original shape position are of good quality for upholstery work. Remember, it is not always the type of fiber used as it is the heaviness of the material and the closeness and tightness of the weave. Generally speaking, a tightly woven fabric will wear better than the looser weaves.


The terms nap and pile are frequently used in description of fabrics and should not be confused. Nap refers to the fuzzy surface created by raising(usually by brushing) the fibers of the materials.

The most important basic fabric terminology are warp, filling, and raveling. Pile, on the other hand refers to a surface consisting of loops of yarn sewed to a background material




Warp or warp yarn refers to the yarns in a fabric which run parallel to the selvage. The selvage is the term used to describe the border woven along the edge of a length of fabric to prevent unraveling. The filling or filling yarn is woven across the width of the fabric. The weave of a fabric is determined by the pattern in which the filling yarns and warp yarns are interwoven.


All upholstery fabrics are made from one or a combination of five basic fibers. Two of these basic fibers are derived from
vegetable sources (cotton and linen); two from animal sources (wool and silk) and one synthetic origin (rayon ,nylon and
acrylic for example).


The problem of determining whether or not a fabric has the best qualities is not an easy one to solve. However, it can be narrowed down to two basic areas: (1) its wear and (2) the decorative aspects.The wear of a fabric can be determined in a number of ways. One method is to pull the fabric lengthwise and crosswise and release it. The yarns that shift out of place and stay there are of poor quality, and those that return to their original shape position are of good quality for upholstery work. Remember, it is not always the type of fiber used as it is the heaviness of the material and the closeness and tightness of the weave. Generally speaking, a tightly woven fabric will wear better than the looser weaves.


The terms nap and pile are frequently used in description of fabrics and should not be confused. Nap refers to the fuzzy surface created by raising(usually by brushing) the fibers of the materials.




Discount Fabric

Floral Upholstey Fabric

Striped Fabric

Cheap Fabrics

Bamboo Fabric

Outdoor Upholstery Fabric

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